This Iron Dome Advanced Defense System. Rows and rows of missiles are flying across the sky but none of them can hit the target. One by one, the rockets fired by Hamas in the night sky of Israel are being destroyed in the sky like fireworks. This is like a magic ring that is protecting Israel from rocket attacks. But in reality it is not magic, it is the manipulation of the Iron Dome, a technology-based air defense system made in Israel.
What is the Iron Dome?
The Iron Dome Air Defense System, a project funded jointly by Israel and the United States, is a cost-effective automated air defense system. It is primarily designed to deal with short-range rockets, missiles and artillery shell attacks. It is also known as the Raphael Advanced Defense System.
This Iron Dome Advanced Defense System is capable of destroying any unauthorized aircraft, including repelling all types of missiles, rockets and artillery shells at a distance of 4 to 60 km at any time of the day or night in any weather.
However, Israel hopes that in the future it will be possible to increase the intercepting range of the Iron Dome from 75 kilometers (45 miles) to 250 kilometers. They also have plans to make the technology more versatile, allowing the Iron Dome to repel any attack from both sides simultaneously.
Planning and implementation of Iron Dome
In 2008, during the Second Lebanon War, Hezbollah fired more than 4,000 Katyusha rockets at surrounding areas, including Hafia, the third largest city in northern Israel. As a result, 44 Israelis died and more than two and a half million Israelis were displaced.
Southern Israel, on the other hand, was also hit by rockets fired by Hamas. Hamas has been attacking Israel with more than 10,000 rockets and mortars since 2000. According to general estimates, more than 10,000 Israelis are within Hamas’ territory. As a result, in order to protect these organizations from rocket attacks, Israel decided to develop an automated defense system with the help of technology.
The Iron Dome was first designed in 2005, jointly designed and manufactured by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and the Israel Aerospace Industries Authority. MPrest Systems has core programming for the Iron Dome Battle Management Control Systems (BMC). Another Israeli company by the name.
Funding and cost of making Iron Dome
The Iron Dome project is being jointly funded by Israel and the United States. However, the first two Iron Dome batteries were made entirely with the sole funding of Israel. And the United States has helped with money and interceptor missiles in the next batteries.
Iron Dome is a very expensive project. The country has to spend about 50 million US dollars for each Iron Dome battery, and each missile costs 90,000 US dollars. This means that the total cost of the Israeli government behind the deployment of an iron dome battery is over 50 million US dollars.
Structure and characteristics of Iron Dome
Each iron dome, 3 meters (9.8 feet) long and 160 mm in diameter, weighs 200 pounds or 90 kg. Proximity Fuze has been used here as the detonation mechanism. The Iron Dome launch platform has three missile launchers, each carrying a total of 60 Tamir interceptors at 20 each.
From attack detection to deactivation, each Iron Dome battery is divided into three parts, viz.
Radar Detection Unit: The Iron Dome air defense system is used by radar systems developed by the Israeli Defense Agency and the Israeli Aerospace Industries affiliate Elta and the Israeli Defense Force (IDF).
Battle Management and Control Unit (BMC): The Battle Management and Control Unit is developed by an Israeli-owned software company called Emprest System.
Missile Firing Unit: This unit has electro-optic sensors and high-powered steering fins for launching Tamir interceptor missiles.
The radar system first tracks the trajectory of a rocket, missile or shell and sends all data to the Battle Management Control System. The system analyzes the trajectory of the rockets to see if there are any installations at the potential hit points.
If there are no installations in the orbit of the rocket, they are released without intercept. And if there is an installation, it sets a point in the sky to intercept or destroy the rockets and sends instructions for firing to the Iron Dome at a convenient location.
Iron Dome technology tracks every moment of the rocket, including the cost of the missile. If the attack is too much and there is not enough time to refill the Iron Dome missile, the Iron Dome system may change the intercept priority considering its importance. So that more important installations can be protected.
This whole process happens in just a few seconds. However, even in this short time, the Iron Dome system detects enemy rocket launchers and sends data to Israel’s military central system, which is useful for air strikes.
The difference between an iron dome and a normal battery
A typical air defense missile battery is equipped with a radar unit, a missile control unit and separate launchers.
The Iron Dome, on the other hand, is made up of different units. The 20 interceptors in each launcher are operated over a secure wireless connection from a distance. And an Iron Dome battery can cover 150 square kilometers of urban area.
How effective is this Iron Dome?
Iron Dome Active Radar System and Tamir Interceptor. Rockets fired by the enemy are easily caught and they are dropped in an instant. This is now the biggest shield that is constantly protecting Israel from the rockets fired by Hamas. The Iron Dome was officially launched on March 26, 2011.
In March 2012, more than 300 rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory. Of these, 17 rockets were able to hit the ground in Israel and the remaining 56 rockets hit the Iron Dome in the air before hitting populated areas at 61 Attempts.
Since then, in November 2012, Iron Dome has conducted a total of 421 rocket interceptions at Operation Pillar of Defense. The fifth battery was quickly deployed here after several rocket attacks in Tel Aviv.
Israel receives excellent support in Operation Pillar of Defense from the Iron Dome. The success rate of the Iron Dome at this time was 75%.
Countries using the Iron Dome
Israel announced the construction of the Iron Dome in 2006, just as Israel was at war with Lebanon. Exactly 7 years later, in 2011, Israel started using the Iron Dome technology in the first Gaza-Israel war.
Currently, Israel and Singapore are among the countries using the Iron Dome. However, many countries around the world are now interested in getting this technology and are maintaining contact with Israel. No system in the world is 100% perfect, there must be some errors that are corrected over time through upgrades. So from time to time some rockets hit targets on Israeli soil.
However, the Iron Dome made by Israel is the best anti-air defense system in the world so far. Which is currently acting as a shield for Israel. According to scientists, the Israeli-made Iron Dome Active Radar system technology is currently equally effective against any drone system.